People with dyspraxia have trouble processing environmental stimuli and responding with a motor action. They struggle with three aspects of motor action:
- Ideation – the ability to conceive or imagine a task
- Sequencing – the ability to plan the steps in that task
- Motor execution – the ability to carry out the task in sequence
For example, when we go to make a cup of tea, it may come ‘naturally’ to us, and automaticity may be at play. This refers to the ability to complete a task without much thought being put into it; the subcortical mechanisms (lower brain) have taken over. Someone with SMBD, however, may struggle, as there can be up to 20 steps in making a cup of tea, from filling the kettle with water to boil to taking the tea bag out of the packet.